Additives used in soaps can be divided into several categories:

  • Lubricant additives or emollients: esters, ethers, alcohols, oils, polyols, lanolin and its derivatives and silicone additives. These are the ingredients which, thanks to their structure, can actively bind water and passively protect against its loss by creating insulating film on the skin (carbohydrates, ethers, alcohols, polyols, botanical additives)
  • Occlusive additives: oils, fats and waxes
  • Peeling additives: natural and synthetic abrasive
  • Antibacterial and soothing additives, which can be considered more specialist: salicylic acid, bisabolol, triclocarbon. Here we can also include vitamins and their derivatives
  • Components modifying the structure and properties of soap, so called secondary surfactants
  • Fragrance compositions – responsible for assigning the soap’s smell
  • Colorants – pigments responsible for the color of the soap
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